Literary Features – Different Types of Literary Features

These are the various types of literary features and a bride explanation to each type.

LITERARY FEATURES – There are different literary features that can be used in writing and it is vital to know how each type functions.

Regardless if you are a writer, reader, student, or all of the above, knowing the function of different literary features or devices is essential. A writer can use some types to make a meager to magnificent output and as for students, knowing may make them earn extra points in their English papers.

Literary Features

These features hold a wide range of purposes in literature. This technique is used to express ideas, convey meaning, and highlight important themes or details. Metaphors and similes are two of the most common literary devices – the building blocks of literature.

Here are some features:

  • Allusion – making reference to prominent people, places, events, and others like Black Market which refers to a collapse in the stock market
  • Analogy – making a comparison between two things and identifying their similarities
  • Character – this can refer to two classifications: dynamic (changing due to events or interactions) and static ( the type that stays just the same)
  • Climax – the high point of interest in a story or other literary works
  • Conflict – the struggle of a character that can be internal or external
  • Dialogue – this is the conversation of the characters
  • Flashback – the technique where a writer inserts a past event into the present event
  • Foreshadowing – the technique that drops hints to the readers about the possible events that can happen
  • Hyperbole – an exaggeration that must not be taken literally
  • Imagery – a language that describes; this helps the reader understand something through vision, smell, and the rest of the sense
  • Irony – the amusing contradictions in a story
  • Metaphor – this device is used to speak about one thing as if it was something minus the use of like or as
  • Mood – the atmosphere or the vibe that the story is giving to the readers
  • Paradox – an absurd or self-contradictory statement
  • Parody – an imitation or distortion of work in a funny way with exaggeration
  • Plot – the sequence of events
  • Point-of-view – the perspective of a narrative or story
  • Satire – a type of writing that is usually humorous but is actually scrutinizing and criticizing
  • Simile – a metaphor that uses “like,” “as,” “such as,” and “than”
  • Symbol – this can be an object, a person, or anything that represents something
  • Theme – the meaning of the story or the central subject that the story tackles
  • Tone – the tone can formal, informal, friendly, or personal
  • Understatement – an ironic way of describing something lesser than what it actually tells


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