Date Published:

4:50 PM July 12, 2019

Date Updated:

4:50 PM July 12, 2019

in: Health
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Here Are The Things That You Should Know About Tuberculosis

Here are the things that you should know about pulmonary tuberculosis including its causes, symptoms, risk factors, and treatment.

Pulmonary Tuberculosis (TB) is a serious infectious disease, which is considered as the second deadliest diseases all around the world.

The bacteria affects the lungs that destroy body tissue and other organs, which could be transmitted through tiny droplets.

Tuberculosis

There are two types of tuberculosis infection such as:

Latent TB

  • This type of infection has no symptoms as the bacteria remain in an inactive state.

Active TB

  • The infection shows signs and symptoms and could be transmitted.

Causes:

  • Alcoholism
  • Homelessness
  • HIV
  • Smoking
  • Diseases that Weakens Immune System
  • Low Socioeconomic Status
  • Drugs
  • Infection
  • Autoimmune Disorder
  • Lifelong Conditions
  • Transmission

Risk Factors

  • Lack of Medical Care
  • Weakened Immune System
  • Living with Someone Infected with TB
  • Shaking Hands
  • Sharing Food or Drink
  • Kissing
  • Sleeping in Same Bed

Signs & Symptoms

  • Coughing Up Blood
  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Chills
  • Loss of Appetite
  • Night Sweats
  • Chest Pain
  • Massive Weight Loss
  • Severe Cough That Lasts Three or more Weeks

Treatment

  • Antibiotic Treatment
  • Directly Observed Therapy
  • Medication

Prevention

  • TB Vaccination
  • Air Out Rooms Regularly
  • Avoid Extended Close Contact With Someone Who Has TB
  • Cover Face w/ Mask
Tuberculosis

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