Branches of Earth Science & their Studies — A Guide for Students…

List of Branches of Earth Science & the Study of Each

BRANCHES OF EARTH SCIENCE – Here is a list of the four (4) major branches of this branch of Science and their specific studies.

Science is one of the subjects that is part of the school curriculum in the Philippines from Kindergarten to college. It has a wide scope and there are several branches and sub-branches under it creating a heirarchal pattern of teaching and learning.

Branches of Earth Science
Photo lifted from TryEngineering

There are four (4) main branches of Science — the Biology, the Chemistry, Physics, and the Earth Science. Just as there are branches of Biology, branches of Chemistry, branches of Physical Science, there are also branches of Earth Science.

Earth Science or also called geoscience includes the fields of natural science. It is where the study of the Earth’s four (4) spheres — the biosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and geosphere, are studied.

Photo Credit: University of Nevada, Reno Extension

There are four (4) major branches of Earth Science — the Geology, Meteorology, Oceanography, and Astronomy. Below, you can check the specific study of each branch and some details about them.

Geologythe Science of the Earth

Among the four (4) branches of Earth Science, the Geology is the primary one. It is the study of the Earth, the habitable planet. It is where topics including the materials that compose the Earth, the planet’s structures, and the process of the Earth are discussed.

Meteorologythe Science of the Atmosphere

This branch of Science deals with the study of the atmosphere. Part of the topics discussed under it is how the processes in the atmosphere determine the climate and weather. It is very important as weather updates are needed by countless people and entities on a daily basis for task performance.

Oceanographythe Science of the Oceans

The Oceanography is the study of oceans in the Earth including their composition, organisms, movement, and processes. It is vital as more than 70% of the surface of the Earth is covered with water.

Astronomythe Science of the Universe

The Astronomy is the study of the outer space and the physical bodies beyond Earth. This includes the study of the Sun, the Moon, the stars, and the other planets. It utilizes Mathematics, physics, and chemistry in explaining their evolution.

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