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Here are the things you need to know about antacids

Antacids are some of the over-the-counter (OTC) medications for the and stomach acid and here are types, precautions, and side effects that you should know.

antacids
Photo courtesy of Health Magazine

According to the article from Healthline, this medication can be used to treat these following health conditions:

  • acid reflux, which can include regurgitation, bitter taste, persistent dry cough, pain when lying down, and trouble swallowing
  • heartburn, which is a burning sensation in your chest or throat caused by acid reflux
  • indigestion, which is a pain in your upper gut that can feel like gas or bloating

Types

This medication can come as a liquid, chewable gummy or tablet or a tablet that you dissolve in water to drink. Here are some of the popular antacid brands in the market: Alka-Seltzer, Maalox, Mylanta, Rolaids, and Tums.

Precautions

Antacids are typically safe, however, you need to consult your doctor if you have these following conditions:

Heart failure – this condition restricts sodium but antacid contains a lot of sodium

Kidney failure – you may develop a buildup of aluminum after using medications for stomach acid

Children showing symptoms of excess stomach acid – consult your doctor first giving them, antacid because it is not normal for children to have these symptoms

Side effects

  • Constipation
  • Allergic reactions
  • Risk of developing sensitivities to certain foods

When this medication is wrongly used these side effects may be experienced:

Based on the article, antacids should not be taken when you are taking medication that increases your risk of bleeding, such as an anticoagulant or antiplatelet drug. There are types of this medication that contain aspirin. If you have these following conditions, you should ask your doctor first:

  • have a history of stomach ulcers or bleeding disorders
  • are older than 60 years old
  • drink three or more alcoholic drinks per day

The symptoms of a heart attack can mimic the symptoms of stomach pains. In order to differentiate them, according to the article, you should seek medical attention immediately if you are experiencing these heart attack symptoms:

  • lightheadedness
  • shortness of breath
  • pain that radiates to your arms, shoulders, or jaw
  • neck or back pain
  • vomiting or nausea

READ ALSO: HERNIA: The Different Types Of This Health Condition

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