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Literary Elements - The Basic Elements Of A Literary Work

Literary Elements – The Basic Elements Of A Literary Work

Here are the literary elements you can find in a literary piece.

LITERARY ELEMENTS – These are the different and basic literary elements that you can easily spot in a literary piece.

A literary work is a piece of art in written form. And in a single literary work, it is basically made of elements. It has elements and not just merely words playfully put together to create an idea or story. It has four genres – poetry, fiction, nonfiction, and drama – which vary in style, structure, subject matter, and the use of figurative language. 

Literary Elements

Here are some examples of literary works:

  • fiction
  • nonfiction
  • manuscripts
  • poetry
  • contributions to collective works
  • compilations of data or other literary subject matter
  • dissertations
  • theses
  • reports
  • speeches
  • bound or looseleaf volumes
  • secure tests
  • pamphlets
  • brochures
  • textbooks
  • online works
  • reference works
  • directories
  • catalogs

Here are the basic elements:

  1. Language – this is the most important because it indicates how the ideas are shared with one another whether it’s through speech, text, or performance.
  2. Plot – the sequence of events and tells what happens in the story.
  3. Mood – this is the emotion or feeling that a reader gets from the work.
  4. Setting – simpy defined as the place where the story has happened like the Hogwarts in the the Harry Potter series and many other venues in the said story like Hogsmeade, Diagon Alley, and Gringotts.
  5. Theme – the central message that the writer would like to relay to the readers.
  6. Point of view – determines the perspective of the narrator such as the first person, second person, third person limited, and third person omniscient.
  7. Narrator – the person who is telling the story
  8. Conflict – the central struggle or problem of the story
  9. Characters – a single literary piece has at least one character and in a story there are two types of characters that are usually present: protagonist and antagonist.


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