Coronavirus Disease & How It Can Cause Heart Injury

Here’s how the coronavirus disease can damage the heart.

CORONAVIRUS DISEASE – Aside from lungs, the dangerous coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) can also damage the heart through these ways.

In a previous article, it has been reported that the first heart problem related to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been recorded in Daegu of South Korea. The heart damage was developed by a 21-year-old woman without any underlying medical conditions prior of contracting the virus.

Photo lifted from South China Morning Post

According to the doctor who treats the said COVID-19 patient, her test results showed enlarged heart and infections in her heart and lungs. Her condition worsened after she initially exhibited the common symptoms of the disease.

And now, after the first heart damage due to coronavirus has been recorded aside from affecting the lungs, Dr. Kim In-cheol cited three ways as to how the novel coronavirus injures the heart:

  • patient suffers from hypoxia or low level of oxygen in the blood which decreases the capacity of the lungs to trade carbon dioxide that can eventually lead to heart muscle injury.
  • cytokine storm which is described as “an immune system gone wild” can be harmful to patients and can lead up to damaging a healthy tissue in the heart.
  • the virus can directly attack the heart and cause damage through ACE2 receptors in heart cells.

Dr. Kim Woo-joo of Korea University Hospital, a specialist of infectious disease said that the ACE2 receptors cannot only be found in the heart and in lungs but also in the kidneys and gastrointestinal tract.

“In the worst of cases, a patient dies from multi-organ system failure after developing not just pneumonia but heart, kidney, gastrointestinal problems,” he indicated according to Inquirer’s report.


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