Nature Of Communication – Elements, Process, and Models Of Communication

What are the elements, processes, models, and nature of communication? Check out the quick discussion below!

NATURE OF COMMUNICATION – Here’s a quick rundown of the nature, elements, processes, and models of communication.

Communication is defined as a “way of creating, interpreting, and negotiating meaning” and “can accordingly be in the form of verbal, nonverbal, textual, aural, visual, or even physical” as per Dr. Amy M. Corey. This is learned through codes, symbols, and systems of language. 

Nature Of Communication

It has three main types:

  • VERBAL COMMUNICATION – a word to word, face to face, or remotely type of communication
  • NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION – through facial expressions, hand gestures, posture, and appearance
  • VISUAL COMMUNICATION – use of maps, drawings, and graphic designs

The seven (7) major elements of a communication process are (1) sender (2) ideas (3) encoding (4) communication channel (5) receiver (6) decoding and (7) feedback.

There are communication models that determine how communication happens and they are divided into three categories such as linear, interactional, and transactional. Under the linear are the models of Aristotle, Lasswell, Shanon-Weaver, and Berlo.

Osgood-Schramm and Westley and Maclean models are under interactive and listed in the transactional are Barnlund and Dance’s helical.

Humans are born as poor communicators but such can be learned and improved through learning and practicing the skills in an effective sharing of ideas. What affects the whole process of it is the perception and personality of the receiver. There’s a great possibility that these two affect the message.

The common elements of communication are the communication environment, the use of symbols, and the presence of mental filters. And in communicating, you must not only talk, but you must also have a sense of empathy for others.


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