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FERN LIFE CYCLE – The Three Stages Of Its Cycle

FERN LIFE CYCLE – in this topic, we will discuss the butterfly life cycle, including the three stages from a spore to reproduction.

FERN LIFE CYCLE
Image from: Encyclopedia Britannica

Ferns are members of the group of vascular plants (basically those with a xylem and phloem). They came from the Polypodiopspida class in the kingdom Plantae.

These have complex leaves named megaphylls, which are more complex than the clubmosses’ microphylls.

Stages

Unlike some plants, they do not flower to propagate. As vascular plants, they reproduce from spores. Ferns undergo through these two stages, according to NatureHills:

  • Gametophyte
    • These are produced from the underside of mature fern plants. These will eventually grow into tiny, heart-like plants called gametophytes, which produce both sperm and egg cells and fertilize either itself or others.
  • Adult
    • The plant grows into an adult. The gametophytes that are fertilized will grow and look mossy-like. Next appear young fronds that will rise out of the moss. The fronds, when exposed to direct sunlight on an extended period of time, will die easily. This is due to the stems not strong enough to sustain direct light.
  • Reproduction
    • If the fronds grow larger, it has a better chance to survive. The fern slowly matures. Once it’s complete, it will grow spores and the cycle begins again.

READ ALSO: BUTTERFLY LIFE CYCLE – The 4 Stages Of Its Cycle

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