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GREEK MYTHOLOGY: Famous Mythological Gods And Heroes In Ancient Greece

GREEK MYTHOLOGY – In this topic, we will discuss the Greek mythology and its well-known gods and heroes of ancient Greece.

Ancient Greece is well known for its art, architecture, culture, music, sculpture, etc. The civilization is also well-known for its vast number of stories known as the myths of ancient Greece.

GREEK MYTHOLOGY

The myths contain huge amount of major characters from the twelve gods of Mount Olympus to well-known Greek heroes like Odysseus, Hercules, etc. The myths also include creatures like cyclops, scylla, gorgons, etc.

Here are some examples:

Greek Gods

  • Zeus – God of thunder and leader of the Olympian Gods. He is the child of Kronos, god of time and the father of gods and heroes like Ares, Athena, Hercules, Perseus, etc.
  • Hera – Sister and wife of Zeus. She is the goddess of marriage and the queen of Olympus.
  • Poseidon – God of the sea and earthquakes; and brother of Zeus. He was described carrying a trident as his main weapon
  • Athena – Goddess of wisdom and daughter of Zeus. The capital city Athens was said to name after the goddess
  • Hades – God of the underworld. He rules the underworld along with his wife Persephone.

Greek Heroes

  • Odysseus – the main hero of Homer’s epic poem Odyssey. Homer is the king of Ithaca.
  • Hercules – the son of Zeus and a demigod. He was well known for the 12 labors imposed by Eurystheus, king of Tiryns.
  • Achilles – the main character of Homer’s Iliad. The idiom “Achilles’ heel” was inspired after his heel as this was his weakpoint.
  • Perseus – another son of Zeus. He is well known for beheading the gorgon Medusa and rescuing Andromeda from the sea creature Cetus.

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