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What Is Thailand? About The Country In Southeast Asia

THAILAND – In this topic, we are about to learn and discuss things to know about the Eastern Asian country called Thailand.

Image from: wikipedia

Officially known as the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly Siam, it is a country in Southeast Asia that is found at the center of the Indochinese Peninsula.

Its official language is Thai and is known locally as Ratcha-anachak Thai (ราชอาณาจักรไทย).

Among the spoken languages include Isan Kam Mueang and Pak Tai.

On the other hand, ethnic groups include the following:

  • Thais
    • Central Thai
    • Thai Lao or Isan
    • Khon Muang
    • Southern Thai
  • Khmer
  • Malays
  • Other minority ethnic groups

It has a landmass area of about 513K square kilometres or 198K s1uare miles. It has a population of about 69.7 million people, making it the 20th most populous country in the world. Its capital is the city of Bangkok.

The government is a Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy which is currently ruled by Maha Vajiralongkorn.


The term Thai translates to “free man” in its own language or ‘people’ or ‘human being’.

Its former name Siam, on the other hand, came from the Pali term suvaṇṇabhūmi, which means “land of gold”, the Sanskrit śyāma (श्याम ) which means “dark”, or the Mon term rhmañña (ရာမည) which means “stranger”.

READ ALSO: What Is Japan? About The Country In Eastern Asia

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