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Colonialism – Meaning And The Three Nations Who Colonized Philippines

COLONIALISM – In this topic, we will now know and discuss that meaning of colonialism and the three nations that colonized the Philippines.



This refers to the practice of dominating a country in another place in order to utilize its sources or provide the needs and wants of the colonizer.

This was often associated with imperialism but are different due to the fact that a colonized country may be used for trading or military purposes.

Nations That Colonized The Philippines

  1. Spain
    • The first ever nation to colonize the Philippines. It started when the archipelago, specifically Samar and Leyte, was first discovered by Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan (Fernando Magallanes). Its purposes are:
      • To obtain the riches hidden in the land
      • To implement the Christian religion
      • To gain the honor and power as the first ever country to colonize the archipelago
    • This is where the archipelago was named the Philippines, from King Phillip II who ruled Spain in 1556 up to 1598.
  2. America
    • The 2nd nation to ever colonize the Philippines were the Americans in the year 1898. Their aim is to govern the country until the right time that it will be freed.
    • In 1898, American soldiers appeared in the country but the American government started in 1899.
  3. Japan
    • The Japanese colonization of the country started during World War II. The colonization started on December 8, 1941 when they dominated Pearl Herbor, Hawaii, and American bases in Davao, Cavite, Baguio, at Zambales. General Douglas McArthur declared Manila an “open city” in December 26.
    • Japan initiated a Military Government under General Masaharu Homma.

You can read the Tagalog version right here.

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