RABIES – Causes, Diagnosis, Symptoms, Treatment & Prevention

RABIES – Causes, Diagnosis, Symptoms, Treatment & Prevention

RABIES – Here are the causes, diagnosis, symptoms, treatment and prevention in battling against the disease called rabies.

Image from: Spotlight English


According to the World Health Organization, it is an infectious viral disease that is fatal after a lot of clinical symptoms.

It is mainly caused by infected dogs, both domestic and wild and can be transmitted via the dog’s saliva through biting or scratching.

Causes And Transmission

A person can get infected by the disease if they get scratched from an animal (usually dogs) that has rabies via a deep bite or a scratch, from the saliva. However nowadays, bats are also discovered to also infect humans with the disease


  • For furious types:
    • Hyperactivity
    • Excitable behaviour
    • Hydrophobia
    • Aerophobia
    • Death after a few days
  • For paralytic types:
    • Paralyzed muscles starting from the scratch or bite
    • Coma
    • Death


  • Clinical (if patient shows signs of hydrophobia or aerophobia)
  • Intra-vitam and Post mortem diagnosis which is used in spotting whole viruses, viral antigens, or nucleic acids in infected tissues

Treatment & Prevention

  • Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) – immediate treatment after exposure to the disease
  • Extensive wound washing – first’aid wound treatment
  • Eliminating Rabies In Dogs
  • Awareness and Education
  • Vaccine

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