The Seven Sages Of Greece | Who Are the Seven Greek Sages?

The Seven Sages Of Greece | Who Are the Seven Greek Sages?

THE SEVEN SAGES OF GREECE – In this topic, we are going to know and learn about the Seven Sages of Greece and identify each one of them.

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Also known as the Seven Wise Men or hoi hepta sophoi (οἱ ἑπτὰ σοφοί), this is the title that was given to seven philosophers, statesmen, and law-givers of the 6th century BC who were well known for their wisdom.

Who are the Seven Sages?

The seven sages are the following:

  • Thales of Miletus (c.  624 BC – c. 546 BC)
    • Thales is the first well known Greek philosopher, mathematician, and astronomer. At the front facade of the Temple of Apollo in Delphi, the phrase “Know thyself”, which is his well-known advice, was engraved on it.
  • Pittacus of Mytilene (c.  640 BC – c. 568 BC)
    • Pittacus attempted to reduce the power of the nobility and was able to govern with the support of the demos or people, which he favoured more. He governed the Lesbos capital Mytilene.
  • Bias of Priene (fl.  6th century BC) 
    • A politician and legislator of the 6th century BC. He is known for his skill as an advocate, and for his use of it in defense of the right.
  • Solon of Athens (c.  638 BC – c. 558 BC)
    • A legislator and a reformer from Athens. He was known for framing the laws that shaped the Athenian democracy.
  • Fifth and Sixth Sage
    • The two titles were given to the following:
      • Cleobulus, tyrant of Lindos (fl.  c.  600 BC )
      • Periander of Corinth (b. before 634 BC, d. c.  585 BC)
      • Myson of Chenae (6th century BC)
      • Anacharsis the Scythian (6th century BC).
  • Chilon of Sparta (fl.  555 BC)
    • A Spartan politician who attributed to the militarization of Spartan society.

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